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Dongorey – 1914

TUAM HERALD 16th MAY, 1914

Photo: Norma Scheibe

The Right Hon. Archer Martyn, Justice of the Count of Appeal of British Columbia, writes as follows on his kinsmen of Tullyra Castle and Dongorey;
In the Record Office, among the grants pursuant to Privy Seal, there is one dated at Westminster, February 21, 1615, to Oliver Martyn, of Kinvarra, gentleman, of the Castle of Kinvarra, and the parcels of Kinvarra, Ballybranegan and Knocknechollin, containing 1 quarter, etc, in the Barony of Kiltaraght (Kiltartan) in the county of Galway, to hold of the Earl of Clanricard, by the like tenure as by inquisition taken at Loghreogh (Loughrea), 16th September, 1607.
And on the same day there was also granted to the said Oliver the privilege of holding a Saturday Market at Kinvarra. This shows (says my well-informed informant) that Richard’s possession of Kinvara Castle, that is Dunguaire, was confirmed as early as 1615 and doubtless he must have purchased it from its O’Heyne proprietor at an early date, because there was then no question of forfeiture, nor any marriage between the families, that I have ever heard suggested. Foster’s Irish Chieftains, pp 188, 432, gives some particulars of Doonguara, and says that Richard Martyn (several times mayor of Galway) got Dunguara Castle, near Kinvarra, from the chief of the sept of O’Hynes and that his first residence in the county was that place, and that he later was granted Tullyra (Tulira) by King Charles. He was succeeded by his son Oliver, the Jacobite M.P.
In the indenture of Connaught, given in full in O’Flaherty’s “West Connaught,” p.323 the exact reference to Oene Montagh O’Heine, of Downgorye, otherwise O’Heine – that is Eoghan Mantach (tootless). Three years after the said composition, Dunguaire was in the possession of Hughe Boye O’Heine, son and heir of said Owen, on 23rd July, 1588, XXX of Elizabeth, as is shown by the grant on p.405 of “Hy Fiachrach.”
Then we learn from the Civil Survey of 1641 (“Hy Fiachrach” p.405) that in that year there was no Heyne living in Dunguaire, though a long list of Kiltartan O’Heynes is given, with their residences, which shows that Dunguaire had already passed from them.
The exact reference in the 1617 grant is as follows:
“Grant to Oliver Martyn of Kinvarra, gent. In Killaraght (Kiltartan) barony the castle of Kinvarra, and the parcels of Kinvarra, Ballybranegan, and Knockechollen, containing 1 quarter eleven-twelfths of Crossoby Clowassy;
1 quarter, Lecarrowoughteraghmong, Scribagh, and Downan;
half quarter Killinkyeny;
1 quarter, half of Cahirseraley quarter;
one-fourth of the half of quarter of Sessinnegarby, Townincallagh half card.
Fannaby half card;
Mabery Kighobirr half card to hold Saturday market at Kinvarra, and a court of free powder, and the usual tools; rent 10s Irish;
To hold according to an inquisition taken at Loughreagh, 16th September, 1617.
In Joyce’s “Names of Places,” vol.ii, pp 194-6, the following note on Guaire Aidhe, and a p.195 says;
“Half a mile east of Kinvarra, on the seashore, stands an ancient circular fort, one of those so common in most parts of Ireland, and this is all that remains of the hospitable palace of Durlas. Moreover it has lost the old name and is now known by the equivalent name of Dun Guaire, or, as it is anglicised, Dongorey, Guara’s fortress. A modern castle, built by the O’Heynes – modern as compared with the earthen circumvallation – stands in the middle of the ford and occupies the very site of the house of Guara the Hospitable.
Dalton, in his “Statistical Survey of Galway” (1824?7) says(p.466) the castle of Kinvarra is in good preservation.
Joyce, in “Irish names of Places”. p.522, speaking of the origin of Kinvarra, says;
“The highest point reached by the tide in a river was sometimes designated by the term Ceann-mara i.e. the head of the sea; from a spot of this kind on the River Roughty, the town of Kenmare, in Kerry, received its name; and Kinvarra, in Galway, originated in the same way, for the Four Masters call it Ceannmhara.

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The Ranger – Galway – 1914

Tuam Herald 7th February, 1914 p.4 (abridged)

Map of walled city of Galway, Ireland of 1651. {{PD}} Original art work of 1651. This engraved and reduced copy of the original made for James Hardiman’s History of Galway by T Nolan dated 1820.

The soldiers in Galway have a journal to themselves. “The Ranger” has just been published and contains a large quantity of matter which must prove of great interest to the members of the famous Connaught Rangers.  The Editor states that for a long time a consensus of opinion was felt that the magazine should be printed in Ireland, and with this in view the Editor called for quotations from houses in Dublin and Galway, with the result that the contract was entrusted to the Galway Express Co., Ltd., Eyre Square, Galway, and the present number is the first which has ever been printed in Galway.

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The Irish Volunteers – 1914

Butte Independent 24th October, 1914 p.2

The Irish Volunteer
First edition: the Irish Volunteer

The following statement has been issued by the members of the Provisional Committee of the Irish Volunteers – Eoin MacNeill, Chairman, Provisional Committee: Ua Rathghaille, Treasurer: Thomas MacDonagh, Joseph Plunkett, Piaras Bealslai, Michael J. Judge, Peter Paul Macken, Sean Mac Giubuin, P.H.Pearse, Padraic O’Riain, Bulmer Hobson, Eamon Martin, Conchubhair O’Colbaird, Eamonn Ceannt, Sean Mac Diarmada, Seamus O’Conchubhair, Liam Mellows, L.Colm O’Lochlainn, Liam Ua Gogan, Peter White:

Ten months ago a Provisional Committee commenced the Irish Volunteer movement with the sole purpose of securing and defending the rights and liberties of the Irish people. The movement on these lines, though thwarted and opposed for a time, obtained the support of the Irish Nation. When the Volunteer movement had become the main factor in the National question, Mr. Redmond decided to acknowledge it, and to endeavour to bring it under his control.
Three months ago he put forward the claim to send twenty-five nominees to the Provisional Committee of the Irish Volunteers. He threatened, if the claim was not conceded to proceed to the dismemberment of the Irish Volunteer organization.

It is clear that this proposal to throw the country into turmoil, and to destroy the chances of a Home Rule measure in the near future, must have been forced upon Mr. Redmond. Already, ignoring the Irish Volunteers as a factor in the National position, Mr. Redmond had consented to a dismemberment of Ireland, which could be made permanent by the same agencies that forced him to accept it as temporary. He was now prepared to risk another disruption and the wreck of the cause entrusted to him. The Provisional Committee, while recognizing that the responsibility in that case would be altogether Mr. Redmond’s, decided to risk the lesser evil and to admit his nominees to sit and act on the committee. The committee made no representations as to the persons to be nominated, and when the nominations were received the committee raised no question as to how far Mr. Redmond had fulfilled his public undertaking to nominate ‘representative men from different parts of the country.’ Mr. Redmond’s nominees were admitted purely and simply as his nominees, and without co-option.

Mr. Redmond, addressing a body of Irish Volunteers on Sunday, September, 20, has now announced for the Irish Volunteers a policy and program fundamentally at variance with their own published and accepted aims and pledges, but with which his nominees are, of course, identified. He has declared it to be the duty of Irish Volunteers to take foreign service under a Government which is not Irish. He has made this announcement without consulting the Provisional Committee, the Volunteers themselves, or the people of Ireland, to whose service alone they are devoted.
Having thus disregarded the Irish Volunteers and their solemn engagements, Mr. Redmond is no longer entitled through his nominees to any place in the administration and guidance of the Irish Volunteer organisation. Those who, by virtue of Mr. Redmond’s nomination, have theretofore, been admitted to act on the Provisional Committee, accordingly cease henceforth to belong to that body, and from this date under the holding of an Irish Volunteer Convention the Provisional Committee consists of those only whom it comprised before the admission of Mr. Redmond’s nominees.

At the next meeting of the Provisional Committee we shall propose:
1. To call a Convention of Irish Volunteers for November 25, the anniversary of the   inaugural meeting of the Irish Volunteers in Dublin.
2. To reaffirm, without qualification, the manifesto proposed and adopted at the inaugural    meeting.
3. To oppose and diminution of the measure of Irish Self-Government which now exists as a Statute on paper, and which would not now have reached that stage but for the Irish Volunteers.
4. To repudiate any undertaking, by whomsoever given, to consent to the legislative dismemberment of Ireland, and to protest against the attitude of the pretense that “Ulster cannot be coerced,” avow themselves prepared to coerce the Nationalists of Ulster.

5. To declare that Ireland cannot, with honor or safety, take part in foreign quarrels otherwise than through the free action of a National Government of her own; and to repudiate the claim of any man to offer up the blood and lives of the sons of Irish men and Irish women to the service of the British Empire, while no National Government which could speak and act for the people of Ireland is allowed to exist.
6. To demand that the present system of governing Ireland through Dublin Castle and the British military power, a system responsible for the recent outrages in Dublin, be abolished without delay, and that a National Government be forthwith established in its place. The signatories to this statement are the great majority of the members of the Provisional Committee of the Irish Volunteers, apart from the nominees of Mr. Redmond who are no longer members of the committee.

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America – Finavarra – Nenagh – 1914

Irish Examiner 17th July, 1914 p.5 (abridged)card
By the Volunteers of North Tipperary it is persistently rumoured that on Sunday week a cargo of arms, supposed to be from the Tipperary Men’s Association in America, was landed at Finavarra Point, West Galway. In the days following, the arms, it is alleged, were brought by night by easy stages, by the various Volunteer corps in West Galway, through Gort, Woodford and Williamstown, reaching the latter village on Saturday night last. Here the arms were received by a number of volunteers from the Tipperary side of Lough Derg, and in the course of the night were transferred by boat to Terryglass. Next day (Sunday) while the Volunteers of North Tipperary were mobilised at Nenagh, and while the police of the district were on special duty in that town, the arms, it is alleged, were hidden in a bog. The strictest secrecy was observed while the arms were in transit and it was only when they were well under cover that the information leaked out.
In view of the above rumour it is interesting to note that the commander of the Nenagh corps last even when dismissing his men publicly informed them opposite the Literary Institute that they would be in possession of rifles next week.

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Aughnish – 1914

Connacht Tribune 1st August, 1914 p.3 (abridged)

Martello Tower, Aughnish Wikimedia Commons

The United Irish League visit Aughnish
Ever since the evictions on the island, or rather, peninsula of Aughnish, the Galway branch of the United Irish League have taken a deep interest in the condition of the islanders, and it was with a view of learning the true state of affairs that the energetic Secretary, Mr. P. Ussher, accompanied by a representative of the “Tribune,” paid a visit to Aughnish island on Sunday.  A stout sailing boat was requisitioned and the trip across the Bay in ideal weather was much enjoyed. After a cruise of nearly two hours the party landed at New Quay, and then took a smaller boat across the narrow channel to the island.

full article in Kinvara and beyond at

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The Ballinderreen Corps – 1914

Connacht Tribune 25th July, 1914 p.6

Courthouse Lane with Corless's top right Photo: Cresswell archives
Courthouse Lane
Corless’s top right
Photo: Cresswell archives

The Ballinderreen Corps marched from the town to Kinvara on Sunday under the command of Mr J. Linane and Mr L Quinn. On arrival at Kinvara, they drilled in front of Mr. T.P.Corless’s hotel, after which Mr. Corless entertained them. Afterwards they marched back to Ballinderreen, when the corps sang “A Nation Once Again,” and then dispersed.

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The Irish Wolf dog – 1914

Connaught Telegraph 12th September, 1914  p. 6

Irish Wolfhound Photo: Dux Wikimedia Commons
Irish Wolfhound
Photo: Dux
Wikimedia Commons

The Irish wolf dogs were formerly placed as the supporters of the arms of the ancient monarchs of Ireland. They were collared with the motto, “Gentle when stroked, fierce when provoked.” It is worthy of note that the Welsh laws of the ninth century made it an illegal act to maim or kill an Irish wolf dog; further, the fine was heavy and larger than most imposed for the wilful wounding or destruction of the ordinary greyhound. The Irish wolf dog was valued among the nations; but he appears to have died out in the eighteenth century. It is supposed that the last wolf was killed at Dingle, Ireland, in 1710.

Rev Edmund Hogan’s History of the Irish wolf dog tells that in the first century of the Christian era the King of Ulster and the King of Connacht each offered the King of Leinster 6,000 cows, a chariot and horses for a famous wolfhound and went to war to decide the issue. Going back over the centuries it is interesting to note that Pliny relates a combat in which the dogs of Epirus bore a part. He describes them as much taller than mastiffs and of greyhound form, detailing an account of their contest with a lion and an elephant. The allusion to the greyhound-like dog, bigger than the mastiff certainly points to the old Irish wolf dog. Strabo B.C. 54 A.D. 24 describes a large and powerful greyhound as having been in use among the Celtic and British nations and as being held in such high estimation by them as to have been imported into Gaul for the purposes of the chase. Selius describes a large and powerful greyhound as having been imported into Ireland by the Belgae, thus identifying the Irish wolf dog with the celebrated Belgic dogs of antiquity, which were taken to Rome.

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Kinvara Band Committee – 1914

Connacht Tribune 31st January, 1914

Dunguaire Castle
Dunguaire Castle

At the District Council meeting
A claim for compensation was received from the Kinvara Band Committee for £19 14s for malicious injury and damage to paraphernalia belonging to the band on the night of January 8th. The articles damaged are as follows;
Two side drums
3 bass drums
9 fifes
4 bass drumsticks
4 side drum sticks
side drum belt
bass drum belt
The following communication was also read from Sergt T Reilly, Kinvara;
With reference to the claim for compensation made by the Kinvara Band Committee, I beg to state that on receipt of a report, Constable Hanley and I visited the band room at 8.15 on the 9th inst and found two big drums and two small drums cut up and were told that nine fifes, twenty-seven caps, 16 sashes, two cymbals, eight drum sticks and two belts had been taken away. On the following day the District Inspector and I found six fifes, two cymbals, twenty-seven caps, sixteen sashes, four small drum sticks and a belt hidden under a heap of stones about a quarter of a mile from the band room. Those articles were uninjured and have since been identified as part of the missing property.
A number of members (said) “Up Kinvara, every time”(laughter)
Chairman; “It is the usual caution.”

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Galway Bay – 1914

Irish Independent 30th October, 1914 p3

Galway Bay EO'D
Galway Bay

A rumour gained currency in Galway on Wednesday evening that mines had been laid in Galway Bay. It appears that when the ss Karlsburg from Sweden, with timber, steamed into the harbour, 20 police and coastguard officers boarded her and remained throughout the night. Their places were taken by fresh constables yesterday morning. A thorough examination of the vessel, however, found nothing that lent colour to the mine laying story.
In an interview with the mate of the Karlsburg it transpired that the Admiralty early on Wednesday wired to the Customs officials at Galway to detain the vessel on suspicion.