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Prevalent maladies – 1824

The Doctor - 1891 Luke Fildes (1843–1927)  Wikimedia Commons
The Doctor – 1891
Luke Fildes (1843–1927)
Wikimedia Commons
The most prevalent maladies in this town (Galway) and neighbourhood for the last year, are stated from the following Report of Dr. O’MALEY, whose practical intercourse with them through the medium of the Dispensary, affords him an unlimited facility of offering the most correct observations:
Fever has been on the decline; however, many cases have occurred sporadicaly, of the intermediate type, termed Synochus; the remainder mild Typhus, with a few instances of the malignant variety. Pneumonia, (inflammation of the lungs and its coverings,) has occasionally existed; Cattarh, with Pleuralgia, (pain of breast, &c.) being exceedingly frequent. A few cases of Pneumonia Typhoides (inflamed lungs with Typhus fever) have also taken place during the autumn.
Inflammatory sore throat often presents itself, owing to the vicissitudes of our atmosphere; and Hepatitis (liver complaint) is a frequent assailant from the same cause, aerial inclemency, and another powerful agent, immoderate spirituous potation.
That Morbid Proteus Rheumatism, acute or chronic, doth constantly uphold a relentless sway, and concentrates, in many individuals, the keenest pangs of enfeebled humanity. Dispepsia (indigestion) and Corrdialgia (spasmodic pain of stomach) in its different varieties, have been, and must be, incessantly frequent in occurrence, until the scanty food of our squalid poor be succeeded by a more generous and abundant measure. Of all diseases which engage the attention of Nosologists, Dysentery & Diarhoea have for the last months stalked with relentless gripe through these wretched domiciles of incomprehensible misery, the hovels of the poor.

Healing the sick, fresco by Domenico di Bartolo. (1400-1447) Sala del Pellegrinaio (hall of the pilgrim), Hospital Santa Maria della Scala,Siena Wikimedia Commons
Healing the sick, fresco by Domenico di Bartolo. (1400-1447) Sala del Pellegrinaio (hall of the pilgrim), Hospital Santa Maria della Scala,Siena
Wikimedia Commons
These diseases, so different in their nature, have been principally excited by the same causes, namely, no wholesome diet, and deficiency of warm vesture; dysentery indubitably becoming contagious among them, from the limited extent and offensive uncleanliness of their dwellings. This circumstance is worthy of remark, as the Dysentery of these latitudes is seldom contagious, unless under the conditions already mentioned, or when concomitant with epidemic Typhoid affections.- Colic is a malady that next in order rears is stand and among the indigent; frequent cold and wet and indigestible esculents act as its occasional causes. In many instances it has yielded its grasp in the last mentioned genus Dysentery, and in a few has been the precursor of a more certain harbinger of death, Enteritis (inflammation of the bowels.)

The Cholera of our climate, though comparatively imbecile to that of the southern part of the Asiatic region, is a formidable malady, that has occasionally occurred during the estival and autumnal seasons, but in an immediate and decisive practice has invariably yielded.

Hoemophilis (spitting blood) often appears here, but when unconnected with any other affection, is seldom fatal. It, or inflamed lungs, sometimes is a variety of consumption named Inposthumutous, Phthisis, which, with another variety (Tubercular) have occurred here within the last year much less frequently than could be expected from the vicissitudes of atmospheric temperature. It has been computed that in England this disease carries off one-fourth of the population, in Paris, one-fifth, in Vienna, one-sixth, while in Russia it is by no means common, and in tropical climates still less so, from the greater uniformity of their atmosphere, either frigid or torrid. Asthma also constantly presents itself, and unless when produced from malformation, is generally a senile disease, sometimes closing its career with the induction of others.
Dropsy is one of frequent occurrence among the lower class, because it is for the most part a disease of debility. We usually find that it has been preceded by some species of fever, and in other instances it is nurtured by an abuse of ardent spirits, inanition, hard labour and a long exposure to wet and cold. These sap the body and induce affections of the stomach, particularly the liver, weakening the digestive organs becoming frail and instituting in various ways the complaint in question.

Another opportunity shall be taken to illustrate the most prevalent diseases of females and children.

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The Tablet – 1898

Daguerrotype with venerable Catherine McAuley circa 1840 Wikimedia commons
Daguerrotype with venerable Catherine McAuley
circa 1840
Wikimedia commons
The Tablet 8th May, 1898
His Eminence Cardinal Logue received last week the religious professions of two nuns at the Convent of Mercy, Dundalk. During the ceremony his Eminence delivered a touching address on the duties, obligations, and privileges of the religious life. The young ladies professed were Miss Delia Corless, in religion Sister Mary Ethnia, of Kinvara, County Galway, and Miss Kate Flatley, in religion Sister Mary Lucy, also of Kinvara.

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Ballyclary – 1842

Photo: Oscar Wikimedia Commons
Photo: Oscar
Wikimedia Commons
The Tablet, 22nd October, 1842

MALICIOUS BURNING.—The dwelling-house of a poor industrious man, named Higgins, living at Ballyclary, within a mile of Kinvarra, was maliciously set on fire on the night of the 2nd instant ; the family were all in bed when the wicked act was perpetrated. The cracking noise occasioned by the devouring element very fortunately awoke them in sufficient time to prevent any lives being lost.

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A curious construction – 1823

Library of Congress collection Wikimedia Commons
Library of Congress collection
Wikimedia Commons
Connaught Journal
Galway March 13, 1823

A spinning wheel of curious construction and very neat workmanship was
exhibited on Monday last to the Ladies’ Association in the Court-house of
Ennis. It is made to have eight persons work at it, and, we understand, fully
answers the purpose. The maker is James RO*A*E, who resides in the town of

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Fortitude – 1823

Galway Wikipedia
Connaught Journal
Galway, Ireland
Thursday, June 12, 1823

On Wednesday, rather an interesting looking woman was observed standing on the verge of the quay, opposite where the brig Fortitude, freighted with passengers for America, was lying; when, on hearing a shot fired, she thought it was the signal for sailing, on which she plunged into the river with a view of reaching the vessel, or abiding the consequences.

She was fortunately taken up, and on being recovered, she said in explanation, that her husband was on board the vessel, having deserted her and her family.

There was an order immediately for his being re-landed. In furture he should atone for having taken a step that was near ending so fatal to a wife that loved him better than he deserved.

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Galway Girls – fashion – 1823

Millinery Shop Paris, 1822 John James Chalon (1778-1854) Wikipedia
Millinery Shop Paris, 1822
John James Chalon (1778-1854)
Connaught Journal

Thursday, April 10, 1823
Morning Visiting Dress
Pelisse robe of mignionette, leaf green, of Gros de Naples, trimmed down
each side in front, and round the border with puffings of same, confined by
straps of satin; the bust ornamented by satin Brandenburgs, each terminated
by a silk tassel. Frill a la Henriette, of Urling’s lace. Small equestrian
hat of fine beaver or satin, of a lavender gray, placed very backward and
crowned with a plume of curled feathers of the same colour.–Sautoir of pale
silk. Green satin half boots, and Limerick gloves.

Connaught Journal 3rd March – Fashionable Millinery
Begs to announce to her Friends and the Public her having received, from the
first Houses in Dublin, a select and fashionable assortment of Millinery;
Laces, of a superior quality; and a variety of Satins and Lutestrings, of
different shades for Bonnets, for which she has received the Newest
The above Articles having been purchased for Ready Money, they will be
disposed of on the most moderate terms, at her Shop, next door to the
American Society-room, Shop-street.
Bonnets made in the most fashionable manner, and on the shortest notice.

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Saints and wonders – 1906

Irish Florin Wikipedia
Irish Florin
A Book of Saints and Wonders – Lady Gregory, 1906

…But if Brigit belonged to the east, it is not in the west she is forgotten, and the people of Burren and of Corcomruadh and Kinvara go every year to her blessed well that is near the sea, praying and remembering her. And in that well there is a little fish that is seen every seven years, and whoever sees that fish is cured of every disease. And there is a woman living yet that is poor and old and that saw that blessed fish, and this is the way she tells the story:

“I had a pearl in my eye one time, and I went to Saint Brigit’s well on the cliffs. Scores of people there were in it, looking for cures, and some got them and some did not get them. And I went down the four steps to the well and I was looking into it, and I saw a little fish no longer than your finger coming from a stone under the water. Three spots it had on the one side and three on the other side, red spots and a little green with the red, and it was very civil coming hither to me and very pleasant wagging its tail. And it stopped and looked up at me and gave three wags of its back, and walked off again and went in under the rock…

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Baked Monks – 1823

 Titus (Rembrandt's son) as a monk - 1660 Rembrandt (1606-1669) Wikimedia Commons

Titus (Rembrandt’s son) as a monk – 1660
Rembrandt (1606-1669)
Wikimedia Commons
Connaught Journal
Monday, May 26, 1823

In the Monastery of St. Bernard it is the custom to preserve
the dead bodies of the Monks and afterwards place them erect in niches along
the walls. This is effected by baking them for five or six months in a very
slow oven, contrived for the purpose, and they will remain thus preserved
for centuries, without changing or being the least offensive. They are
dressed in their hoods and cloaks when placed up.

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Sunday closing – 1879

 Photo; Decatur Wine & Spirits Wikimedia

Photo; Decatur Wine & Spirits

It is nearly eight years since the Most Rev. Dr. M’Evilly, Lord Bishop of Galway, impressed upon the people of the diocese and of the diocese of Kilmacduagh and Kilfenora, of which his Lordship is Apostolic Administrator, the propriety of closing public houses on Sundays and his Lordship was almost implicitly obeyed. Since that time nearly all the respectable traders in Galway, in Gort, in Oughterard, in Ennistymon, in Kinvarra, and all the large towns in the dioceses mentioned, have kept their establishment closed on Sundays. Hence the law makes very little difference in this part of Ireland.
Two, or at most three, obscure public houses were kept open on Sunday in Galway, and these were frequented by a straggling lot of persons. It is a remarkable thing about Galway that when the bill for Sunday closing was before Parliament a petition was sent forward from the vintners of Galway in favour of that measure. There are about 120 public-house-keeepers in the county of the town of Galway, and over 100 signed the petition. Some of the others were absent at the time. But, as I have said, nearly all obeyed the Lord Bishop, so that virtually the operation of the Sunday closing Act will make very little change in the City of the Tribes.